How is the SAT scored?
First, the student’s raw score is computed as the number of questions correctly answered. The scores included on score reports are based on raw scores. There’s no penalty for guessing, so nothing is deducted for incorrect answers or for unanswered questions.
Next, the raw scores for the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section and the Math section are each converted to a scaled score of 200 to 800. This conversion process adjusts for slight differences in difficulty among versions of the test and provides a score that is equated, or consistent, across forms. This process ensures that no student receives an advantage or disadvantage from taking a particular form of the test on a particular day; a score of 400 on one test form is equivalent to a score of 400 on another test form.
SAT total scores
The total score shown in the report reflects the combination (addition) of the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section score (200–800) with the Math section score (200–800). The total score reported range for the SAT is 400–1600. The percentiles accompanying students’ scores have been derived from research studies.
SAT section scores
Your students will receive two section scores, both in the range of 200–800:
- Evidence-Based Reading and Writing
These scores reflect students’ overall performance in each section. The Evidence-Based Reading and Writing section score is a combination of the Reading Test score and the Writing and Language Test score. The Math section score is derived from the Math Test score (including both the Math Test – Calculator and Math Test – No Calculator portions).
SAT test scores and cross-test scores
In addition to the total and section scores, students will see three test scores in the range of 10–40, reflecting performance on the content covered in each of the tests:
- Writing and Language
Students will also see two cross-test scores in the range of 10–40. These scores represent student performance on items across the three tests that were in the domains of either:
- Analysis in History/Social Studies
- Analysis in Science
Finally, students receive subscores in the range of 1–15 that offer feedback on their performance in the following skill areas:
- Command of Evidence
- Words in Context
- Expression of Ideas
- Standard English Conventions
- Heart of Algebra
- Problem Solving and Data Analysis
- Passport to Advanced Math
SAT Essay scores
Students who take the optional SAT Essay will receive three scores, each on a 2 to 8 scale:
The online score report shows the prompt that the student responded to, the student’s essay, and a link to the Essay Scoring Guide at sat.org/essay.